Salient Potential Indicators for Hydro Development in Gilgit-Baltistan
- Gilgit Baltistan is the water bank for Pakistan due to large area of glaciers and snow deposits in its mountains.
- Catchment Area is 72496 Sq Km, which include about 27 % glaciers, the biggest in the world outside polar region.
- Main Tributaries of Indus River are 06 (Olding River, Shyoke River, Shigar River, Gilgit River, Hunza River & Astore River).
- Drop of Indus River up to Diamar /Basha Dam site is 1.37 Km.
- Average annual run off near Basha is 50 MAF. Hydro power potential on Main Tributaries & Indus River is 40,000 MW.
- Hydro power potential on sub tributaries is 1,200 MW. Present Generation : 90 MW (92 Power Stations) Population Connected with suppressed load : 75% Present Demand : Conservative – 200 MW Optimistic – 410 MW Future Demand Forecast:- 2011 : 428 MW 2012 : 446 MW 2013 : 465 MW 2014 : 485 MW 2015 : 506 MW SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF ELECT.
- Water & Power Department GB is responsible for Planning, Execution and Operation of power projects in GB.
- WAPDA is responsible for mega projects on River Indus besides small hydros under specific directions of GOP.
- NEPRA’s jurisdiction not yet extended to GB in the absence of National Grid. W & P department is responsible for devising tariff with the approval of GB government.
- GB Electricity Development Company being raised shortly.
PRESENT POWER POLICIES
GOP Policy for power generation projects 2002: All types of power projects exceeding 50 MW capacity under public sector, private sector (IPPs) and public private partnership are covered. BOOT and BOO are applicable.
GOP Renewable Energy Policy 2006: Solar, Wind and Small Hydro Power projects up to 50 MW capacity are covered. The policy also provides private investment incentives.
GB Hydel and Renewable Energy Policy 2007: This policy covers projects up to 50 MW capacity under public sector program. Being revised for development of hydro power projects by private sector and public private partnership also.
SALIENT REFORMS UNDERWAY
- Consultancy services acquired for “Establishment of GB Electricity Development Company” to facilitate investors through one window operation besides capacity building of W&P Department.
- Feasibility study of Regional Grid in GB completed. The project aims at interconnection of all existing and future hydro power projects to a common grid for improvement of diversity factor, minimize line losses and establish a power corridor for interconnection to the National Grid. Estimated cost of the project is Rs. 25 billion and proposed for construction in 3 phases.
- Computerized billing system introduced in Gilgit city as pilot project.
- PC Energy Meters introduced to minimize electricity pilferage.
INCENTIVES ALREADY AVAILABLE FOR PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTORS
Under “Renewable Energy Policy of Pakistan 2006”, which is applicable in Gilgit Baltistan also following incentives for private sector investment in development of Hydro Power projects having capacity of 50 MW or below are covered:-
1. Investment opportunity for private sector for following categories
a. IPPs for sale of power to the grid only. (Solicited and unsolicited proposals)
b. Captive Power cum grid spillover projects for self-use and sale to utility.
c. Captive power projects for self or dedicated use.
d. Isolated grid power projects of 5 MW and below.
2. Except for category 1(a) above, the projects will not require any LOI, LOS or IA.
3. It permits an investor to generate electricity from hydro power project at one location and receive an equivalent amount of energy for own use elsewhere on the grid at investors own cost of generation plus transmission charges (wheeling concept / Energy Banking).
4. It permits “Net Metering and Billing”. A power producer can sell surplus energy at one time and receive electricity from the grid at another time and settle accounts on net basis.
5. Simplified principles of tariff determination.
6. Insulates the investor from hydrological variability risk.
7. It facilitates projects to obtain carbon credits for avoided green-house gas emissions, helping financial returns and reducing energy cost for the purchaser and inturn the consumers.
8.Off grid hydro power projects can be developed for supply to a local community by corporate entities, NGOs or individuals at any location with the approval of the Provincial Government. For such projects, simplified procedural arrangements can be developed by the provincial government.
9. No Custom Duty or Sales Tax for machinery and equipments with spares requiring import and not manufactured in the country for initial installation for renewable energy projects.
10. Many other fiscal and financial incentives. Details can be seen from the Renewable Energy Policy 2006
- Less revenue receipt due to lower load factor for repayment to the IPPs.
- Affordable energy cost for the consumers in case of power purchased from IPPs.
- GOP may not permit any subsidy under present policy.
- Non interconnection of GB with the national grid.
- NEPRA’s role in GB.
- Capacity building of the power utility.
- Tendency of high electricity pilferage.
POSSIBLE VENTURES FOR PRIVATE INVESTMENT
- Establishment of regional grid in Gilgit-Baltistan to interlink all the power potential sites.
- Investment in the field of Captive Power & Energy Banking. Industry and hydro power development may take place simultaneously.
- The main purpose to club hydro power development with other industries would enable the private investors to offer affordable tariff.
- Power Projects through IPPs would be viable for mega projects on Indus river through PPIB/WAPDA. Commencement of physical work on high voltage transmission line by WAPDA for interconnection to the national grid may take place simultaneously.
- Project through IPPs can be developed simultaneously at the identified sites near to Bunji and Diamar/Basha projects to supply power to WAPDA during implementation of these vital projects.